Please refer to the main model by citing Samaniego et al. (2010), Kumar et al. (2013) and Thober et al. (2019):

Samaniego L., R. Kumar, S. Attinger (2010): Multiscale parameter regionalization of a grid-based hydrologic model at the mesoscale. Water Resour. Res., 46,W05523,

Kumar, R., L. Samaniego, and S. Attinger (2013): Implications of distributed hydrologic model parameterization on water fluxes at multiple scales and locations, Water Resour. Res., 49,

Thober, S., Cuntz, M., Kelbling, M., Kumar, R., Mai, J., Samaniego, L., (2019): The multiscale routing model mRM v1.0: simple river routing at resolutions from 1 to 50 km Geosci. Model Dev. 12 (6), 2501 - 2521,

The model code can be generally cited as:

mHM: Luis Samaniego et al., mesoscale Hydrologic Model. Zenodo. doi:10.5281/zenodo.1069202,

To cite a certain version, have a look at the Zenodo site.

Publications using mHM

  • Thober, S., Cuntz, M., Kelbling, M., Kumar, R., Mai, J. and Samaniego, L., 2019. The multiscale Routing Model mRM v1. 0: simple river routing at resolutions from 1 to 50 km. Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss., 2019, pp.1-26, in press,
  • Baroni, G., Schalge, B., Rakovec, O., Kumar, R., Schüler, L., Samaniego, L., et al. ( 2019). A comprehensive distributed hydrological modeling intercomparison to support process representation and data collection strategies. Water Resources Research, 55, 990–1010.
  • Visser-Quinn, A., Beevers, L., Collet, L., Formetta, G., Smith, K., Wanders, N., Thober, S., Pan, M. and Kumar, R., 2019. Spatio-temporal analysis of compound hydro-hazard extremes across the UK. Advances in Water Resources, in press,
  • Wanders N., Thober S., Kumar R., Pan M., Sheffield J., Samaniego L., Wood E.F. (2019): Development and Evaluation of a Pan-European Multimodel Seasonal Hydrological Forecasting System, J. Hydrometeor., 20, 99–115,
  • Jing, M., Heße, F., Kumar, R., Kolditz, O., Kalbacher, T. and Attinger, S., 2019. Influence of input and parameter uncertainty on the prediction of catchment-scale groundwater travel time distributions. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 23(1), pp.171-190,
  • Huang, S., Kumar, R., Rakovec, O., Aich, V., Wang, X., Samaniego, L., Liersch, S. and Krysanova, V., 2018. Multimodel assessment of flood characteristics in four large river basins at global warming of 1.5, 2.0 and 3.0 K above the pre-industrial level. Environmental Research Letters, 13(12), p.124005,
  • Hanel, M., Rakovec, O., Markonis, Y., Maca, P., Samaniego, L., Kysely, J., Kumar, R. (2018): Revisiting the recent European droughts from a long-term perspective, Scientific Reports,
  • Demirel, M.C., Mai, J., Mendiguren, G., Koch, J., Samaniego, L., Stisen, S. (2018): Combining satellite data and appropriate objective functions for improved spatial pattern performance of a distributed hydrologic model, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 22 (2), 1299 - 1315,
  • Koch, J., Demirel, M. C., and Stisen, S. (2018): The SPAtial EFficiency metric (SPAEF): multiple-component evaluation of spatial patterns for optimization of hydrological models, Geosci. Model Dev., 11, 1873-1886,
  • Höllering, S., Wienhöfer, J., Ihringer, J., Samaniego, L., Zehe, E. (2018): Regional analysis of parameter sensitivity for simulation of streamflow and hydrological fingerprints, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 22 (1), 203 - 220,
  • Jing, M., Heße, F., Kumar, R., Wang, W., Fischer, T., Walther, M., Zink, M., Zech, A., Samaniego, L., Kolditz, O., Attinger, S. (2018): Improved regional-scale groundwater representation by the coupling of the mesoscale Hydrologic Model (mHM v5.7) to the groundwater model OpenGeoSys (OGS), Geosci. Model Dev. 11 (5), 1989 - 2007,
  • Peichl, M., Thober, S., Meyer, V., Samaniego, L. (2018): The effect of soil moisture anomalies on maize yield in Germany, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci. 18 (3), 889 - 906,
  • Samaniego, L., Thober, S., Kumar, R., Wanders, N., Rakovec, O., Pan, M., Zink, M., Sheffield, J., Wood, E.F., Marx, A. (2018): Anthropogenic warming exacerbates European soil moisture droughts, Nat. Clim. Chang. 8 (5), 421 - 426,
  • Marx, A., Kumar, R., Thober, S., Rakovec, O., Wanders, N., Zink, M., Wood, E.F., Pan, M., Sheffield, J., Samaniego, L. (2018): Climate change alters low flows in Europe under global warming of 1.5, 2, and 3 degC, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 22 (2), 1017 - 1032,
  • Schrön, M., Rosolem, R., Köhli, M., Piussi, L., Schröter, I., Iwema, J., Kögler, S., Oswald, S.E., Wollschläger, U., Samaniego, L., Dietrich, P., Zacharias, S. (2018): Cosmic‐ray neutron rover surveys of field soil moisture and the influence of roads, Water Resour. Res.,
  • Thober, S., Kumar, R., Wanders, N., Marx, A., Pan, M., Rakovec, O., Samaniego, L., Sheffield, J., Wood, E.F., Zink, M. (2018): Multi-model ensemble projections of European river floods and high flows at 1.5, 2, and 3 degrees global warming, Environ. Res. Lett. 13 (1), art. 014003,
  • Zink, M., Mai, J., Cuntz, M., Samaniego, L. (2018): Conditioning a hydrologic model using patterns of remotely sensed land surface temperature, Water Resour. Res. 54 (4), 2976 - 2998,
  • Samaniego, L., Kumar, R., Thober, S., Rakovec, O., Zink, M., Wanders, N., Eisner, S., Müller Schmied, H., Sutanudjaja, E.H., Warrach-Sagi, K., Attinger, S., (2017): Toward seamless hydrologic predictions across spatial scales, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 21 (9), 4323 - 4346,
  • Samaniego, L., Kumar, R., Breuer, L., Chamorro, A., Flörke, M., Pechlivanidis, I.G., Schäfer, D., Shah, H., Vetter, T., Wortmann, M., Zeng, X., (2017): Propagation of forcing and model uncertainties on to hydrological drought characteristics in a multi-model century-long experiment in large river basins, Clim. Change 141 (3), 435 - 449,
  • Vigiak, O., Lutz, S., Mentzafou, A., Chiogna, G., Ye, T., Majone, B., Beck, H., de Roo, A., Malagó, A., Bouraoui, F., Kumar, R., Samaniego, L., Merz, R., Gamvroudis, C., Skoulikidis, N., Nikolaidis, N.P., Bellin, A., Acuňa, V., Mori, N., Ludwig, R., Pistocchi, A., (2018): Uncertainty of modelled flow regime for flow-ecological assessment in Southern Europe, Sci. Total Environ. 615 , 1028 - 1047,
  • Eisner, S., Flörke, M., Chamorro, A., Daggupati, P., Donnelly, C., Huang, J., Hundecha, Y., Koch, H., Kalugin, A., Krylenko, I., Mishra, V., Piniewski, M., Samaniego, L., Seidou, O., Wallner, M., Krysanova, V., (2017): An ensemble analysis of climate change impacts on streamflow seasonality across 11 large river basins, Clim. Change 141 (3), 401 - 417,
  • Pechlivanidis, I.G., Arheimer, B., Donnelly, C., Hundecha, Y., Huang, S., Aich, V., Samaniego, L., Eisner, S. and Shi, P., (2017): Analysis of hydrological extremes at different hydro-climatic regimes under present and future conditions. Climatic Change, 141(3), pp.467-481,
  • Hattermann, F.F., Krysanova, V., Gosling, S.N., Dankers, R., Daggupati, P., Donnelly, C., Flörke, M., Huang, S., Motovilov, Y., Buda, S., Yang, T., Müller, C., Leng, G., Tang, Q., Portmann, F.T., Hagemann, S., Gerten, D., Wada, Y., Masaki, Y., Alemayehu, T., Satoh, Y., Samaniego, L., (2017): Cross‐scale intercomparison of climate change impacts simulated by regional and global hydrological models in eleven large river basins, Clim. Change 141 (3), 561 - 576,
  • Hattermann, F.F., Vetter, T., Breuer, L., Su, B., Daggupati, P., Donnelly, C., Fekete, B., Flörke, F., Gosling, S.N., Hoffmann, P., Liersch, S., Masaki, Y., Motovilov, Y., Müller, C., Samaniego, L., Stacke, T., Wada, Y., Yang, T., Krysnaova, V., (2017): Sources of uncertainty in hydrological climate impact assessment: a cross-scale study, Environ. Res. Lett.,
  • Mishra, V., Kumar, R., Shah, H.L., Samaniego, L., Eisner, S., Yang, T., (2017): Multimodel assessment of sensitivity and uncertainty of evapotranspiration and a proxy for available water resources under climate change, Clim. Change 141 (3), 451 - 465,
  • Zink, M., Kumar, R., Cuntz, M., & Samaniego, L. (2017). A high-resolution dataset of water fluxes and states for Germany accounting for parametric uncertainty. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 21(3), 1769–1790. doi:10.5194/hess-21-1769-2017,
  • Heße, F., Zink, M., Kumar, R., Samaniego, L., & Attinger, S. (2017). Spatially distributed characterization of soil-moisture dynamics using travel-time distributions. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 21(1), 549–570. doi:10.5194/hess-21-549-2017,
  • Baroni, G., Zink, M., Kumar, R., Samaniego, L., & Attinger, S. (2017). Effects of uncertainty in soil properties on simulated hydrological states and fluxes at different spatio-temporal scales. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 21(5), 2301–2320. doi:10.5194/hess-21-2301-2017,
  • Wollschlaeger, U., Attinger, S., Borchardt, D., Brauns, M., Cuntz, M., Dietrich, P., … Zacharias, S. (2017). The Bode hydrological observatory: a platform for integrated, interdisciplinary hydro-ecological research within the TERENO Harz/Central German Lowland Observatory. Environmental Earth Sciences, 76(1), 29. doi:10.1007/s12665-016-6327-5,
  • Mueller, C., Zink, M., Samaniego, L., Krieg, R., Merz, R., Rode, M., & Knoeller, K. (2016). Discharge Driven Nitrogen Dynamics in a Mesoscale River Basin As Constrained by Stable Isotope Patterns. Environmental Science & Technology, 50(17), 9187–9196. doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b01057,
  • Zink, M., Samaniego, L., Kumar, R., Thober, S., Mai, J., Schaefer, D., & Marx, A. (2016). The German drought monitor. Environmental Research Letters, 11(7), 74002. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/7/074002,
  • Marx, A., Samaniego, L., Kumar, R., Thober, S., Mai, J., & Zink, M. (2016). Der Duerremonitor - Aktuelle Information zur Bodenfeuchte in Deutschland. In Wasserressourcen - Wissen in Flussgebieten vernetzen (pp. 131–142). Forum fuer Hydrologie und Wasserbewirtschaftung,
  • Rakovec, O., Kumar, R., Mai, J., Cuntz, M., Thober, S., Zink, M., Attinger, S., Schaefer, D., Schroen, M., Samaniego, L. (2016). Multiscale and Multivariate Evaluation of Water Fluxes and States over European River Basins. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 17(1), 287–307. doi:10.1175/JHM-D-15-0054.1,
  • Rakovec, O., Kumar, R., Attinger, S. and Samaniego, L. (2016). Improving the realism of hydrologic model functioning through multivariate parameter estimation. Water Resources Research, 52. doi:10.1002/2016WR019430,
  • Nijzink, R. C., Samaniego, L., Mai, J., Kumar, R., Thober, S., Zink, M., Schaefer, D., Savenije, H. H. G., and Hrachowitz, M.: The importance of topography-controlled sub-grid process heterogeneity and semi-quantitative prior constraints in distributed hydrological models, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 20, 1151-1176, doi:10.5194/hess-20-1151-2016, 2016.,
  • Thober, S., Kumar, R., Sheffield, J., Mai, J., Schaefer, D., & Samaniego, L. (2015). Seasonal Soil Moisture Drought Prediction over Europe Using the North American Multi-Model Ensemble (NMME). Journal of Hydrometeorology, 16(6), 2329–2344. doi:10.1175/JHM-D-15-0053.1,
  • Cuntz, M., Mai, J., Zink, M., Thober, S., Kumar, R., Schaefer, D., … Samaniego, L. (2015). Computationally inexpensive identification of noninformative model parameters by sequential screening. Water Resources Research, 51(8), 6417–6441. doi:10.1002/2015WR016907,
  • Livneh, B., Kumar, R., & Samaniego, L. (2015). Influence of soil textural properties on hydrologic fluxes in the Mississippi river basin. Hydrological Processes, 29(21), 4638-4655,
  • Schoeniger, A., Woehling, T., Samaniego, L., & Nowak, W. (2014). Model selection on solid ground: Rigorous comparison of nine ways to evaluate Bayesian model evidence. Water resources research, 50(12), 9484-9513,
  • Woehling, T., Samaniego, L., & Kumar, R. (2013). Evaluating multiple performance criteria to calibrate the distributed hydrological model of the upper Neckar catchment. Environmental Earth Sciences, 69(2), 453–468. doi:10.1007/s12665-013-2306-2,
  • Samaniego, L., Kumar, R., & Zink, M. (2013). Implications of Parameter Uncertainty on Soil Moisture Drought Analysis in Germany. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 14(1), 47–68. doi:10.1175/JHM-D-12-075.1,
  • Kumar, R., Livneh, B., & Samaniego, L. (2013). Toward computationally efficient large-scale hydrologic predictions with a multiscale regionalization scheme. Water Resources Research, 49(9), 5700–5714. doi:10.1002/wrcr.20431,
  • Kumar, R., Samaniego, L., & Attinger, S. (2013). Implications of distributed hydrologic model parameterization on water fluxes at multiple scales and locations. Water Resources Research, 49(1), 360–379. doi:10.1029/2012WR012195,
  • Zacharias, S., Bogena, H., Samaniego, L., Mauder, M., Fuß, R., Puetz, T., … & Bens, O. (2011). A network of terrestrial environmental observatories in Germany. Vadose Zone Journal, 10(3), 955-973,
  • Kalbacher, T., Delfs, J. O., Shao, H., Wang, W., Walther, M., Samaniego, L., … & Sun, F. (2012). The IWAS-ToolBox: software coupling for an integrated water resources management. Environmental Earth Sciences, 65(5), 1367-1380,
  • Samaniego, L., Kumar, R., & Jackisch, C. (2011). Predictions in a data-sparse region using a regionalized grid-based hydrologic model driven by remotely sensed data. Hydrology Research, 42(5), 338–355. doi:10.2166/nh.2011.156,
  • Kumar, R., Samaniego, L., & Attinger, S. (2010). The effects of spatial discretization and model parameterization on the prediction of extreme runoff characteristics. Journal of Hydrology, 392(1-2), 54–69. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2010.07.047,
  • Samaniego, L., Kumar, R., & Attinger, S. (2010). Multiscale parameter regionalization of a grid-based hydrologic model at the mesoscale. Water Resources Research, 46(5), W05523. doi:10.1029/2008WR007327,